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La colombie en quelques mots

La Colombie est la quatrième plus grande économie d’Amérique latine en termes de Produit Intérieur Brut (PIB) et la troisième puissance économique en Amérique du Sud. Le pays possède un marché en pleine expansion avec une économie dynamique et diversifiée. Les opportunités d’investissement peuvent s’y avérer intéressantes dans de nombreux secteurs, notamment l’énergie, les infrastructures, l’agroalimentaire et les technologies de l’information.

Un bon pays pour investir?

Le pays présente en théorie un cadre réglementaire propice aux affaires et des atouts comme des coûts de production avantageux, une main-d’œuvre compétente et une situation géographique stratégique pour accéder à d’autres marchés régionaux.

 

Toutefois, la Colombie est le cinquième pays le plus complexe pour faire des affaires en 2023, sur les 78 pays faisant l’objet d’une étude menée par le TMF Group. Les démarches administratives sont souvent longues, complexes et onéreuses et les entreprises peuvent rencontrer des entraves réglementaires, ce qui rend indispensable le recours à un avocat.

Nos Clients

Chez Gorioux Colombia, nous accompagnons des entrepreneurs, des filiales colombiennes, des PME ou encore des investisseurs de nombreux secteurs:

Récolte du caféier

Industrie

du café

Femme dans un casque VR

Services digitaux

Panneaux solaires en montagne

Énergies

renouvelables

Expériences en laboratoire

Industrie

pharmaceutique

Nous sommes votre partenaire privilégié pour vous guider

dans votre implantation et développement en Colombie !

ciel
  • Which visa should I choose to travel to Colombia?
    There are several types of visa for Colombia, depending on the length and purpose of your stay. The three main visa categories are as follows: - Visitor visa (type V): for visitors entering the country without taking up residence. - Migrant visa (type M): for foreigners wishing to come to Colombia to work or live temporarily. M visas are the most common among expatriates and are generally issued for three years. - Resident visa (type R): for foreigners wishing to settle in Colombia permanently.
  • When do I become a tax resident in Colombia?
    Under Colombian law, an individual who is not a national of the country is considered a Colombian tax resident if he or she stays in Colombia for more than 183 days in any period of 365 consecutive calendar days.
  • Can I be a tax resident in both France and Colombia?
    It is possible to be considered a tax resident in several countries, including France and Colombia. However, to avoid double taxation, France has signed an international treaty with Colombia, in force since January 2023. This tax treaty resolves any conflict of double tax residence in favor of one of the two countries.
  • Do I have to declare my non-resident status for tax purposes in France?
    If you are considered a non-resident for tax purposes in France, and if you have taxable income from French sources after your departure, you must notify your change of address in Colombia to the French tax authorities and file an income tax return with the non-resident tax authorities.
  • When do I have to file an income tax return in Colombia?
    In Colombia, individuals are required to file an income tax return if they meet certain conditions: - If you are a tax resident in Colombia and your gross assets at the end of the tax year exceed 4.500 UVT (Unité de Valeur Tributaire), i.e. approximately 42,494.56 Euros. - If your gross income at the end of the tax year exceeds 1.400 UVT, i.e. around 13,216.72 Eur 4.500 UVT - If your credit card expenditure is equal to or greater than UVT 1.400, i.e. approximately 13,216.72 Euros. - If the total accumulated value of bank deposits or financial investments is equal to or greater than 1.400 UVT at the end of the fiscal year (approximately 13,216.72 Euros).
  • What tax scale applies to my salary in Colombia?
    In Colombia, personal and corporate income tax is calculated according to a progressive scale. The tax rate varies according to the taxable income bracket you fall into. For the 2023 tax year, the tax brackets and corresponding rates are as follows: - Up to 95 UVT (Unité de Valeur Tributaire): 0%. - From 95 to 150 UVT (896.47663 - 1,414.54 Euros): 19%. - From 150 to 360 UVT (1,414.54 - 3,395.47 Euros): 28%. - From 360 to 640 UVT (3,395.47 - 6,036.40 Euros): 33%. - From 640 to 945 UVT (6,036.40 - 8,911.34 Euros): 35%. - From 945 to 2300 UVT (8,911.34 - 21,695.00 Euros): 37%. - Over 2300 UVT: 39%.
  • Are there social security contributions (such as CSG) in Colombia?
    Yes, the Colombian social security system applies to all persons working or self-employed in Colombia. It covers the following risks: sickness-maternity, industrial accidents-occupational illnesses, old-age-invalidity-survivors' insurance and unemployment.
  • What do I need to do to buy property in Colombia?
    To buy a property in Colombia, you need to follow a multi-step legal process: - Sign a preliminary sales agreement with conditions precedent that may, if necessary, require the payment of a deposit generally equivalent to 10 to 20% of the total sale price; - Have the title deeds validated by a lawyer; - Once the suspensive conditions have been lifted, sign the final sales contract before a notary; - During the process, ensure compliance with Colombian exchange control regulations.
  • What obligations does exchange control entail?
    Unlike Europe, where there are no longer any exchange control regulations since the Maastricht Treaty, in Colombia there are a number of exchange control obligations that can affect international financial transactions. For example, money transfers to and from Colombia may be subject to prior declaration and authorization by the Central Bank of Colombia. It is important to comply with regulations to avoid sanctions and penalties.
  • Is there an autoentrepreneur status equivalent to the Micro BNC in France?
    Yes, there is a simple taxation system (Régimen simple de Tributación -RST). This is a tax payment system that differs from the usual ordinary regime, as it offers lower rates based on income. It is open to all individuals and legal entities on a voluntary basis, provided they meet certain criteria, including income level. In addition, the RST facilitates and simplifies the submission of national and territorial tax returns, as it allows multiple taxes to be declared annually on a single form and paid via bi-monthly instalments.
  • Should I set up a subsidiary or a branch?
    The choice between setting up a subsidiary or a branch in Colombia depends on your business objectives and the structure of your company. A subsidiary is a separate legal entity from the parent company, while a branch is an extension of the parent company and does not have its own legal personality. A subsidiary can offer greater autonomy and flexibility in the management of local affairs, while a branch can be more difficult to apprehend but can prove to be a vector of opportunities, particularly in public or fiscal markets.
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